High-quality-factor planar optical cavities with laterally stopped, slowed, or reversed light


STEVEN J. BYRNES, Mohammadreza Khorasaninejad, and Federico Capasso. 2016. “High-quality-factor planar optical cavities with laterally stopped, slowed, or reversed light.” OPTICS EXPRESS, 24, 16, Pp. 18399-18407.
2016_byrnes_et_al.pdf2.44 MB


In a planar optical cavity, the resonance frequencies increase as a function of in-plane wavevector according to a standard textbook formula. This has well-known consequences in many different areas of optics, from the shifts of etalon peaks at non-normal angles, to the properties of transverse modes in laser diodes, to the effective mass of microcavity photons, and so on. However, this standard formula is valid only when the reflection phase of each cavity mirror is approximately independent of angle. There is a certain type of mirror-a subwavelength dielectric grating near a guided mode resonance-with not only a strongly angle-dependent reflection phase, but also very high reflectance and low losses. Simulations show that by using such mirrors, high-quality-factor planar cavities can be designed that break all these textbook rules, leading to resonant modes that are slow, stopped or even backward-propagating in the in-plane direction. In particular, we demonstrate experimentally high-Q planar cavities whose resonance frequency is independent of in-plane wavevector-i.e., the resonant modes have zero in-plane group velocity, for one polarization but both in-plane directions. We discuss potential applications in various fields including lasers, quantum optics, and exciton-polariton condensation. (C) 2016 Optical Society of America
Last updated on 05/27/2020