Achieving a Strongly Temperature-Dependent Casimir Effect


Alejandro W. Rodriguez, David Woolf, Alexander P. McCauley, Federico Capasso, John D. Joannopoulos, and Steven G. Johnson. 2010. “Achieving a Strongly Temperature-Dependent Casimir Effect.” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 105, 6.


We propose a method of achieving large temperature T sensitivity in the Casimir force that involves measuring the stable separation between dielectric objects immersed in a fluid. We study the Casimir force between slabs and spheres using realistic material models, and find large >2 nm/K variations in their stable separations (hundreds of nanometers) near room temperature. In addition, we analyze the effects of Brownian motion on suspended objects, and show that the average separation is also sensitive to changes in T. Finally, this approach also leads to rich qualitative phenomena, such as irreversible transitions, from suspension to stiction, as T is varied.
Last updated on 05/23/2020