Publications by Year: 2008

Alejandro W. Rodriguez, J. N. Munday, J.D. Joannopoulos, Federico Capasso, Diego A. R. Dalvit, and Steven G. Johnson. 2008. “Stable Suspension and Dispersion-Induced Transitions from Repulsive Casimir Forces Between Fluid-Separated Eccentric Cylinders.” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 101, 19.Abstract
We numerically demonstrate a stable mechanical suspension of a silica cylinder within a metallic cylinder separated by ethanol, via a repulsive Casimir force between the silica and the metal. We investigate cylinders with both circular and square cross sections, and show that the latter exhibit a stable orientation as well as a stable position, via a method to compute Casimir torques for finite objects. Furthermore, the stable orientation of the square cylinder undergoes a 45 degrees transition as the separation length scale is varied, which is explained as a consequence of material dispersion.
Christian Pfluegl, Mikhail A. Belkin, Qijie Wang, Markus Geiser, Alexey Belyanin, Milan Fischer, Andreas Wittmann, Jerome Faist, and Federico Capasso. 2008. “Surface-emitting terahertz quantum cascade laser source based on intracavity difference-frequency generation.” APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 93, 16.Abstract
We report a surface-emitting terahertz source based on intracavity difference-frequency generation in dual-wavelength midinfrared quantum cascade lasers with integrated giant second-order nonlinear susceptibility. The terahertz light is coupled out of the waveguide by a second-order grating etched into the laser ridges. In contrast to sources where the difference-frequency radiation is extracted from the facet, this approach enables extraction of the terahertz emission from the whole length of the device even when the coherence length is small. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3009198]
D.C. Bell, J. Bao, F. Capasso, J Wagner, T Martensson, J Trägårdh, and L Samuelson. 2008. “TEM Correlation between the Structural and Optical Properties Of Rotationally Twinned InP Nanowires.” Microscopy and Microanalysis, 14, S2, Pp. 414–415. tem_correlation_between_the_structural_and_optical_properties_of_rotationally_twinned_inp_nanowires.pdf
Mikhail A. Belkin, Jonathan A. Fan, Sahand Hormoz, Federico Capasso, Suraj P. Khanna, Mohamed Lachab, A. Giles Davies, and Edmund H. Linfield. 2008. “Terahertz quantum cascade lasers with copper metal-metal waveguides operating up to 178 K.” OPTICS EXPRESS, 16, 5, Pp. 3242-3248.Abstract
We report terahertz quantum cascade lasers operating in pulsed mode at an emission frequency of 3 THz and up to a maximum temperature of 178 K. The improvement in the maximum operating temperature is achieved by using a three-quantum-well active region design with resonant-phonon depopulation and by utilizing copper, instead of gold, for the cladding material in the metal-metal waveguides. (c) 2008 Optical Society of America.
G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. TROCCOLI, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist. 2008. “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing.” APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS, 92, 3, Pp. 305-311.Abstract
Recent progress in the development of room temperature, continuous wave, widely tunable, mode-hop-free mid-infrared external cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) spectroscopic sources is reported. A single mode tuning range of 155 cm(-1) (similar to 8% of the center wavelength) with a maximum power of 11.1 mW and 182 cm(-1) (similar to 15% of the center wavelength) with a maximum power of 50 mW was obtained for 5.3 and 8.4 mu m EC-QCLs respectively. This technology is particularly suitable for high resolution spectroscopic applications, multi species trace-gas detection and spectroscopic measurements of broadband absorbers. Several examples of spectroscopic measurements performed using EC-QCL based spectrometers are demonstrated.
Jonathan A. Fan, Mikhail A. Belkin, Federico Capasso, Suraj P. Khanna, Mohamed Lachab, A. Giles Davies, and Edmund H. Linfield. 2008. “Wide-ridge metal-metal terahertz quantum cascade lasers with high-order lateral mode suppression.” APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 92, 3.Abstract
Terahertz quantum cascade lasers with wide-ridge metal-metal waveguides are prone to lasing in high-order lateral modes, which reduce the maximum light output power from these devices. We have demonstrated, theoretically and experimentally, that the output power can be improved severalfold by introducing ``side absorbers'' into the waveguide structure, which enforce lasing in the TM(00) mode with minor temperature performance deterioration. Lasers without side absorbers operate up to 168 K, a current record for devices processed using indium/gold wafer bonding.