Surface emitting terahertz quantum cascade laser with a double-metal waveguide


Jonathan A. Fan, Mikhail A. Belkin, Federico Capasso, Suraj Khanna, Mohamed Lachab, A. Giles Davies, and Edmund H. Linfield. 2006. “Surface emitting terahertz quantum cascade laser with a double-metal waveguide.” Optics Express, 14, 24, Pp. 11672-11680.
oe-14-24-11672.pdf386 KB


We investigate the implementation of surface emission via a second order grating in terahertz quantum cascade lasers with double-metal waveguides. Absorbing edge structures are designed to enforce antireflecting boundary conditions, which ensure distributed feedback in the cavity. The grating duty cycle is chosen in order to maximize slope efficiency. Fabricated devices demonstrate surface emission output powers that are comparable to those measured from edge-emitting double metal waveguide structures without gratings. The slope efficiency of surface emitting lasers is twice that of double-metal edge emitting structures. Surface emitting lasers show single mode behavior, with a beam divergence along the laser ridge of approximately six degrees. (c) 2006 Optical Society of America.
Last updated on 05/29/2020