In-Phase and Anti Phase Synchronization in a Laser Frequency Comb


Johannes Hillbrand, Dominik Auth, Marco Piccardo, Nikola Opacak, Erich Gornik, Gottfried Strasser, Federico Capasso, Stefan Breuer, and Benedikt Schwarz. 2020. “In-Phase and Anti Phase Synchronization in a Laser Frequency Comb.” Physical Review Letters, 124, 2.


Coupled clocks are a classic example of a synchronization system leading to periodic collective oscillations. Already in 1665, Christiaan Huygens described this phenomenon as a kind of ``sympathy'' among oscillators. In this work, we describe the formation of two types of laser frequency combs as a system of oscillators coupled through the beating of the lasing modes. We experimentally show two completely different types of synchronization in a quantum dot laser-in-phase and splay-phase states. Both states can be generated in the same device, just by varying the damping losses of the system. This modifies the coupling among the oscillators. The temporal laser output is characterized using both linear and quadratic autocorrelation techniques. Our results show that both pulses and frequency-modulated states can be generated on demand within the same device. These findings allow us to connect laser frequency combs produced by amplitude-modulated and frequency-modulated lasers and link these to pattern formation in coupled systems such as Josephson junction arrays.
Last updated on 05/14/2020