Hot-carrier extraction in nanowire-nanoantenna photovoltaic devices


I-Ju Chen, Steven Limpert, Wondwosen Metaferia, Claes Thelander, Lars Samuelson, Federico Capasso, Adam M. Burke, and Heiner Linke. 2020. “Hot-carrier extraction in nanowire-nanoantenna photovoltaic devices.” Nano Letters, ja. Publisher's Version


Nanowires bring new possibilities to the field of hot-carrier photovoltaics by providing flexibility in combining materials for band engineering and using nanophotonic effects to control light absorption. Previously, an open-circuit voltage beyond the Shockley-Queisser limit was demonstrated in hot-carrier devices based on InAs-InP-InAs nanowire heterostructures. However, in these first experiments, the location of light absorption, and therefore the precise mechanism of hot-carrier extraction, was uncontrolled. In this letter, we combine plasmonic nanoantennas with InAs-InP-InAs nanowire devices to enhance light absorption within a subwavelength region near an InP energy barrier that serves as an energy filter. From photon energy- and irradiance-dependent photocurrent and photovoltage measurements, we find that photocurrent generation is dominated by internal photoemission of non-thermalized hot electrons when the photoexcited electron energy is above the barrier, and by photo-thermionic emission when the energy is below the barrier. We estimate that an internal quantum efficiency up to 0.5–1.2% is achieved. Insights from this study provide guidelines to improve internal quantum efficiencies based on nanowire heterostructures.


PMID: 32347731
Last updated on 05/14/2020