High-performance midinfrared quantum cascade lasers


Federico Capasso. 2010. “High-performance midinfrared quantum cascade lasers.” OPTICAL ENGINEERING, 49, 11.
111102_1.pdf703 KB


The design and operating principles of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are reviewed along with recent developments in high-power cw and broadband devices. Cw power levels of several watts at room temperature have been achieved at 4.6-mu m wavelength; broadband single-mode tuning (approximate to 400 cm(-1)) has been achieved using an external-cavity QCL with a grating as a tuning element. An alternative approach, consisting of a monolithically integrated array of single-mode QCLs individually currentdriven by a microcontroller, has led to broadband single-mode tuning over a range of 200 cm(-1) without requiring the use of moving parts. This spectrometer on a chip holds promise for high-brightness compact trace-gas sensors capable of operating in harsh environments. (C) 2010 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. [DOI: 10.1117/1.3505844]
Last updated on 05/23/2020