Design and fabrication of photonic crystal quantum cascade lasers for optofluidics


Marko Loncar, Benjamin G. Lee, Laurent Diehl, Mikhail Belkin, Federico Capasso, Marcella Giovannini, Jerome Faist, and Emilio Gini. 2007. “Design and fabrication of photonic crystal quantum cascade lasers for optofluidics.” OPTICS EXPRESS, 15, 8, Pp. 4499-4514. Publisher's Version
oe-15-8-4499.pdf1.09 MB


We present novel designs and demonstrate a fabrication platform for electrically driven lasers based on high quality-factor photonic crystal cavities realized in mid-infrared quantum cascade laser material. The structures are based on deep-etched ridges with their sides perforated with photonic crystal lattice, using focused ion beam milling. In this way, a photonic gap is opened for the emitted TM polarized light. Detailed modeling and optimization of the optical properties of the lasers are presented, and their application in optofluidics is investigated. Porous photonic crystal quantum cascade lasers have potential for on-chip, intracavity chemical and biological sensing in fluids using mid infrared spectroscopy. These lasers can also be frequency tuned over a large spectral range by introducing transparent liquid in the photonic crystal holes. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America
Last updated on 05/23/2020