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Electro-optical modulator

Metasurface modulators reach gigahertz speeds

June 8, 2022

Electro-optic modulators change the intensity of light in response to electric signals and have attracted much attention recently as they enable active photonics. Reaching gigahertz speeds is an important milestone that makes applications in remote sensing and communications accessible. Most demonstrations target either on-chip or fiber applications. Instead, modulators that operate on free-space light have long been very challenging to realize. Here, we show that a thin film metasurface from sub-wavelength Mie resonators enables highly efficient and ultra-compact modulation of light up...

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Achromatic inverse-designed large-area metalens

Inverse-designed cm-scale achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens

June 6, 2022

Current achromatic metalenses are typically small and bounded to tens to hundreds of micrometers in diameter – the size of a few pollen grains in a row. In this study, we demonstrate a high throughput inverse design framework that is able to design large-scale complex metasurfaces to the cm scale for the visible, which corresponds to 20 000 times the wavelengths. The inverse design framework takes advantage of machine intelligence instead of our physical intuition, and the whole process takes less than a day using a single-CPU laptop, making it accessible to the general public. The...

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